Ulcers can occur in any part of the body and it is often recognized as a wound that does not heal easily. It may be painful in severe conditions, wherein your leg could swell. Further, you may also feel itching and burning sensation. In such a condition, the skin layer breaks down, and this allows the bacteria to get into the underlying tissue.
Injury in the skin layer will heal within one or two weeks. If it does not heal during this time, then you might be suffering from chronic ulcer. A leg ulcer is moist wound, which is found in the lower part of the leg. The wound is either reddish or yellowish, and it often appears to be very sore. The ulcer can occur due to the poor blood circulation in the underlying skin layer, and it is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and hypertension. Some of the other causes are:
• Kidney disease
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Water retention
• Congestive heart failure
• Drug addiction
Signs and symptoms of leg ulcers
The ulcers are identified by means of their appearance and location. The common types of leg ulcers are:
• Venous statis
Usually, 10% of the leg ulcers are caused due to arterial and your leg might appear a bit bluish or whitish. It may cause pain when your legs are elevated and at rest. Arterial occurs mainly due to the limited blood supply, and the tissue does not get the required oxygen and nutrient. People who are suffering from diabetes have a high risk of being affected by arterial.
About 70% of leg ulcers are venous, and they occur when the valves that are connecting the superficial and deep veins fail to function properly. Some of the characteristics of venous ailment are:
• Often located on the leg, precisely above the ankle
• May give rise to Eczema
• Skin layer surrounding the affected area becomes itchy and dry
• The leg will swell and gives an unpleasant odor.
Neurotrophic ulcers occur primarily in people who are affected by diabetes. It is often sited at the pressure points of the feet.
Tips to prevent and cure leg ulcer
• Regularly perform exercises and walk at least for 1 hour everyday
• A well balanced diet cures half of the problem
• You must avoid standing for a long period of time
• Say no to smoking
• Try to activate the muscle pump
• While sitting you must keep your legs elevated
• Regularly try to wear compression stockings
• Take medication as recommended by your doctor to reduce the risk of blood clots
Spray-on treatment for leg ulcer
It is the best treatment for people suffering from chronic ulcer. The solution comprises of skin cells, which are suspended in clotting proteins of blood when it is applied on the affected part. This triggers the healing process and increases the probabilities of wound closure. You could see the result within three months.
Some of the standard treatments recommended for venous leg ulcer are compression bandages, wound dressing, and infection control. This treatment only cures 30 to 70% of the ulcers. Spray-on treatment is more beneficial than standard ones.
Medical treatment for leg ulcers
The leg ulcer treatment is given based on the individual’s health condition. The main aim of such a treatment is to relieve you of the pain and heal the wound as quickly as possible. Treatment options available for this ailment are:
• Anti-clotting therapy is given to prevent clotting of the blood
• Topical wound care
• Antibiotics are given, if there is any infection
• Collagen wound dressings
Providing essential oxygen supply to the infected cell will help to reduce the inflammation and also remove dead cells from the body. If you are suffering from leg ulcer, then take necessary treatment to evade from it at the earliest.