Pinworms, also named as Enterobius vermicularis, are a small parasitic worm which can enter the human intestine and cause itching in the lower intestine and the anus of the infected person, especially at night. The pinworms arouse due to heavy crowd of people in schools, families and also due to unhygienic lining standards with poor quality of food. The poor sanitary areas are also responsible for the cause of pinworms and thus it is not specially related to your personal hygiene. The institutional settings, hospitals, school settings such as dormitories, mental health and rooms as well give rise to pinworms. These parasites are most commonly found in the North American culture including one thirds of Canadian children who can have pinworms at some part of their lives.
Causes of Pinworms
When the intestinal part of the person gets infected then the female worm leaves her home and thus she slips out of the host and make an area to lay eggs around the rectum and anus edge of the infected person. These eggs get stuck to the jelly like substance along with wriggling of mother pinworm that causes severe itching. The eggs can easily attach to the fingers and the anal area by direct contact of the clothes and the bedding. These can also be swallowed by carrying it to the mouth and transmitted to others by their touch.
Many people get infected to these pinworms by swallowing the worm eggs. It happens when they scratch around the anus and later on the hands or fingers touches the other areas of the body and these pinworms get stuck to finger nails which are swallowed later on. These eggs move in your stomach then affects your rectal area.
Symptoms of Pinworms
Itching around the anus is the most common sign of pinworms. Sometimes there is no reason behind the symptoms of pinworms because they are not aware of the infection and can easily catch from others. Thus, in this case, itching is very common and restless, loss of appetite and anxiety is the main symptoms of pinworm infections. Generally, Pinworms neither cause any serious health problems nor they carry diseases along with them but they can possibly get a skin infection by scratching around the anus. The period from the incubation of the eggs to the contact with the fingers take at least 1-2 months to the symptoms to appear.
Prevention of Pinworms
Wash your anal area one you get up in the morning because the pinworms lay eggs in night. Thus, this can help in reducing in number of pinworms. Showering will definitely help you in avoiding recontamination in bathing water.
Change undergarments daily
Changing your ug’s help you to get rid of eggs formation.
Avoid scratching in your anal area
Change your linens and bed sheets and get them dipped in hot water for hours.
Last but not the least, wash your hands regularly that will reduce spread of infection.
Treatment of Pinworms
Treatment of pinworms can be done when the signs are present e.g. itching around the anus. It can also be treated and removed if any of family members is treated well to get rid of this infection.
Apply a soothing cream to the anal area prescribed by the doctor. Additional treatments may be required in case of growth of pinworm infection. First dose of medicine is enough to move your child back to school. Also they can take part in regular activities like swimming, sports, and other after school events.